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India is about 1/3 the size of the United States, India is the seventh largest country in the world, the second most populous country in the world. ● ● India is the largest democracy in the world. ● ● The Kumbh Mela (or Grand Pitcher Festival) is a huge Hindu religious festival that takes place in India every 12 years. In 2001, 60 million people attended, breaking the record for the world’s biggest gathering. The mass of people was photographed from space by a satellite. ● ● To avoid polluting the elements (fire, earth, water, air), followers of Zoroastrianism in India don’t bury their dead, but instead leave bodies in buildings called “Towers of Silence” for the vultures to pick clean. ● ● India has one of the world’s highest rates of abortion. ● ● Most Indians live on less than two dollars a day. ● ● Cows are considered one of humankind’s seven mothers because they offer milk as does one’s natural mother. ● ● Dancing is one of India’s most highly developed arts and was an integral part of worship in the inner shrines of every temple. It is notable for its expressive hand movements. ● ● Many Indian wives will never say their husband’s name aloud, as it is a sign of disrespect. When addressing him, the wife will use several indirect references, such as “ji” or “look here” or “hello,” or even refer to him as the father of her child. ● ● The Indian flag has three horizontal bands of color: saffron for courage and sacrifice, white for truth and peace, and green for faith, fertility, and chivalry. An emblem of a wheel spinning used to be in the center of the white band, but when India gained independence, a Buddhist dharma chakra, or wheel of life, replaced the spinning wheel. ● ● ● ● ● The temples of Khajuraho are famous for their erotic sculptures and are one of the most popular tourist attractions in India. Scholars still debate the purpose of such explicit portrayals of sexual intercourse, which sometimes involve animals. ● ● The earliest cotton in the world was spun and woven in India. ● ● The Himalayas—from the Sanskrit hima, meaning “snow,” and alaya, meaning “abode”—are found in the north of India. They extend 1,500 miles and are slowly growing taller, by almost an inch (2.5 cm) a year. Several ancient Indian monasteries are found nestled in the grandeur of these mountains. ● ● With 150,000 post offices, India has the largest postal network in the world. ● ● The Bengal tiger is India’s national animal. ● ● Alexander the Great of Macedon (356-323 B.C.) was one of the first important figures to bring India into contact with the West. After his death, a link between Europe and the East would not be restored until Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama (1460-1524) landed in Calicut, India, in 1498. ● ● The British Raj, or British rule, lasted from 1858 to 1947 (although they had a strong presence in India since the 1700s). British influence is still seen in Indian architecture, education system, transportation, and politics. ● ● Every major world religion is represented in India. Additionally, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism all originated in India. ● ● India has the world’s largest movie industry, based in the city of Mumbai (known as the “City of Dreams”). The B in “Bollywood” comes from Bombay, the former name for Mumbai. Almost all Bollywood movies are musicals. ● ● Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869-1948) is known around the world as Mahatma, which is an honorific title meaning “Great Soul” in the ancient Indian language of Sanskrit. ● ● ● ● ● The lotus is sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists. ● The Bahá'í house of worship in Delhi, known as the “Lotus Temple,” is shaped like a lotus flower with 27 gigantic “petals” that are covered in marble. ● ● The banyan, or Indian fig tree, is considered a symbol of immortality and is mentioned in many Indian myths and legends. This self-renewing plant is India’s national tree. ● ● Marigold flowers are used as decoration for Hindu marriages and are a symbol of good fortune and happiness. ● ● The name “India” derives from the River Indus, which most likely is derived from the Sanskrit sindhu, meaning “river.” The official Sanskrit name of India is Bharat, after the legendary king in the epicMahabharata. ● ● Indians made significant contributions to calculus, trigonometry, and algebra. The decimal system was invented in India in 100 B.C. The concept of zero as a number is also attributed to India. ● ● The national fruit of India is the mango. The national bird is the peacock, which was initially bred for food. ● ● Hindi and English are the official languages of India. The government also recognizes 17 other languages (Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Nepali, Manipuri, Konkani, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu). Apart from these languages, about 1,652 dialects are spoken in the country. ● ● India has the world’s third largest road network at 1.9 million miles. It also has the world’s second largest rail network, which is the world’s largest civilian employer. ● ● Bathing in the Ganges in particular is thought to take away a person’s sins. It is not unusual to spread a loved one’s ashes in the Ganges. ● ● Most Indians rinse their hands, legs, and face before eating a meal. ● ● It is traditional to wear white, not black, to a funeral in India. Widows will often wear white in contrast to the colorful clothes of married or single women. ● ● India is the world’s largest tea producer, and tea (chai) is its most popular beverage. ● ● The Taj Mahal (“crown palace”) was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (1592-1666) for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal (1593-1631). Made of marble it has intricate workmanship. It took 22,000 workmen 22 years to complete it. ● ● The first and greatest civilization in ancient India developed around the valley of the Indus River (now Pakistan) around 3000 B.C. Called the Indus Valley civilization, this early empire was larger than any other empire, including Egypt and Mesopotamia. ● ● After the great Indus Civilization collapsed in 2000 B.C., groups of Indo-Europeans called Aryans (“noble ones”) traveled to northwest India and reigned during what is called the Vedic age. The mingling of ideas from the Aryan and Indus Valley religions formed the basis of Hinduism, and the gods Shiva, Kali, and Brahma all have their roots in Aryan civilization. The Aryans also recorded the Vedas, the first Hindu scriptures, and introduced a caste system based on ethnicity and occupation. ● ● Chandragupta Maurya (340-290 B.C.), a leader in India who established the Mauryan Empire (321-185 B.C.), was guarded by a band of women on horseback. ● Sanskrit is the mother of all the European ● languages. Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software reported in Forbes magazine, ● July 1987. ● Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans.Charaka, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. ● India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years of history. ● India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta. ● India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years of history. ● India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta. ● ● India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years of history. ● India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta. ● ●
Jaipur Foot

World's Largest Organisation for Handicapped (Total Number of beneficiaries (Limb/Caliper etc.) over 1.2 Million now).

Special Consultative status with the Economic & Social Council of the United Nations Organisation.

 

How was it established?

On the occasion of the 2500th death anniversary of Lord Mahaveer, known for his compassion and loving kindness for all, Shri D. R. Mehta envisioned and set up BMVSS in March 1975, as a human welfare organization. This idea of this humanitarian project was born out of a trauma. In 1969 Mr. Mehta had met with a serious car accident in which his leg was crushed. But, despite the ominous forebodings of the surgeons, both his leg and life got saved. Dr. M. M. Bapna and Dr. Ganga Ram Purohit of Mahatma Gandhi Hospital, Jodhpur, who were his operating surgeons, would later constantly remind him of the plight of poor patients who in such situations, often lost their limbs. Once the funds could be raised and organizational structure worked out by Mr. Mehta, BMVSS was setup.

Prof. C. K. Prahalad in his book “The Fortune at the Bottom at the Pyramid” has this to say – 
“BMVSS was established in March 1975 by Mr. D. R. Mehta. In the first seven years after the development of the Jaipur Foot in 1968, hardly 50 limbs were fitted. In the first year after the formation of the society, 59 limbs were fitted. Now, the number of limbs fitted every year approaches 16,000. …….If not for the value system and patient-centric management practices followed by BMVSS, Jaipur Foot might have remained on the shelf and in limbo.”
Many social workers, experts and donors were invited to join the society which they gladly did.

Though, the institution is named after Lord Mahaveer in terms of his philosophy treating all are equal, it is totally secular and non-religious and non-sectarian, where patients of all denominations are welcome and given assistance.


Bhagwan Mahaveer Viklang Sahayata Samiti (BMVSS), Jaipur, an NGO, was registered as a Society, under Rajasthan Societies Registration Act  261/1974-75  on March  29, 1975. BMVSS  is  a  purely  secular,  non-religious, non-governmental, non-political, nonsectarian, non-regional institution, for helping the  physically  challenged,  particularly  the financially weak and under-privileged.

The idea of setting up the society arose out of a trauma. Shri D. R. Mehta, Founder & Chief Patron  of  BMVSS  met  with  a  serious  life threatening road accident.

Lately BMVSS signed a formal agreement with Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) – premier scientific body of India – to make a foot from Polyurethane’s (PU) – used by them in their rockets and satellites. The research and development wing of BMVSS after making necessary modifications in the design, dies and materials have produced several foot pieces of the new type. These are undergoing field trials and laboratory tests. DOW Chemicals one of the world’s largest chemical and polymer company of the world is also helping us in selection of proper PU material, supply of such material and manufacturing of foot pieces. The initial reactions of users to the new feet is quite positive. This has made the new foot lighter and has improved its cosmoses. Since we are using a computer controlled injection moulding process for making the new foot, the quality is both better and uniform. When the field trials are concluded successfully, this new PU Foot is going to be another breakthrough in limb making technology in the world.

Jaipur Limb which was earlier made of aluminum with open ended socket, is now being made of HDPE with the very advanced Total Contact Socket System.  For this, BMVSS has purchased the an advanced vacuum forming machines from Germany, Because of total contact sockets, the Jaipur limb has a very comfortable stump socks interface. To get the best alignment, BMVSS has married two different alignment systems i.e. wall frame from Endolite Prosthetics, a British Company, and Laser alignment system of Otto Bock Prosthetics, a German Company.

The above knee prosthesis are made with IPOS brims providing ischeal containment sockets – the highly advanced socket system in the world. Apart from BMVSS, this system is being used in India only by one more organizations.
We also have an understanding with the Center of International Rehabilitation (CIR) Northwestern University, Chicago, USA. They have transferred the technology of making total contact socket through sand casting method, which is superior in terms of quality and also takes much less time in making the total contact sockets.
Efforts are also underway for improvement in the design of joints, belts, stump socks etc.

Visit:  http://www.jaipurfoot.org

 
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